For the First Time, Camera Station Documents a Pacific Marten in Olympic National Forest

Only two dozen sightings of this rare native carnivore have been confirmed on the Olympic Peninsula in the last half century.

A Pacific marten has been recorded by a motion-triggered wildlife camera, marking the first time the species has been recorded by a camera survey in Olympic National Forest.

A Pacific marten visits a scent dispenser at Olympic National Forest in January 2022. Image courtesy of Woodland Park Zoo.

As part of an ongoing collaboration, Woodland Park Zoo partnered with Olympic National Forest last summer to install six motion-triggered camera and scent dispenser stations in the National Forest in hopes of detecting martens, a rare native carnivore thought to be occurring there in only very sparse numbers. A month ago, the survey team returned to the station and discovered multiple photos of a single Pacific marten, which had visited the station in January 2022.

Only two dozen marten sightings have been confirmed on the Olympic Peninsula in the last half century, with half of these attributed to surveys with remote cameras and scent dispensers over the last few years and all in Olympic National Park.

Historically, marten populations in Washington primarily occurred in two disjunct areas, the Cascade Range and the Olympic Peninsula. Marten populations in the Cascades generally inhabit forests at high elevations and appear to be relatively stable.

On the Olympic Peninsula, martens once occupied a broad elevational range, from coastline to timberline. However, due to over-trapping and habitat loss in the 1900s, they appear to be gone at lower elevations and to occur at very low densities at higher elevations.

Martens once roamed the Olympic Peninsula. Researchers are now trying to determine whether a viable population still exists there. File photo by David Moskowitz, Cascades Wolverine Project.

From 1968 to 2016, only nine reliable marten records were recorded on the Olympic Peninsula, despite extensive camera surveys beginning in the 1990s. Then, in 2017, Woodland Park Zoo partnered with Olympic National Forest, Olympic National Park, and US Geological Survey to conduct overwinter surveys, pairing cameras with scent dispensers programmed to release a small amount of attractive lure on a regular basis. Originally developed by the zoo in partnership with Microsoft Research and Idaho Fish and Game, these dispensers dramatically increase the period of time over which carnivore survey stations can be left operational in remote locations (up to a year) without biologists having to revisit for rebaiting or maintenance.

Between 2017 to 19, these surveys yielded an additional 13 marten detections, all in Olympic National Park—more than doubling the number of reliable records acquired in the last half century. An additional two incidental observations were made in 2019 in Olympic National Forest.

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“Martens and other carnivores are important to the community ecology of Northwest ecosystems. The zoo is thrilled to be able to bring our innovative survey methods to this collaborative project, and eager to help secure a future for martens on the Olympic Peninsula,” said Robert Long, PhD, Senior Conservation Scientist and Director, Living Northwest Program at Woodland Park Zoo.

Since 2008, Olympic National Forest has been working with many partners, including Woodland Park Zoo, to survey for Pacific martens. With concern about historic impacts to the species—trapping and habitat removal—and current threats presented by climate change, this effort has involved federal and state agencies, nonprofit organizations, volunteer community scientists, many hundreds of hours of labor and the collection of thousands of remote camera photographs.

“The long-standing collaboration to better understand the distribution and health of the Pacific marten population on the Peninsula has been building successes over time, and Olympic National Forest staff are very pleased to be a part of such a great team,” said Betsy Howell, Wildlife Biologist, Olympic National Forest. “This new record comes as our multi-partner effort begins to comprehensively survey both Olympic National Park and the National Forest for martens.”

In 2022, Woodland Park Zoo and partners Olympic National Forest, Olympic National Park, and University of Washington, with additional support from Olympic Park Associates and Washington’s National Park Fund, initiated a University of Washington graduate student project to extensively survey martens on the Olympic Peninsula. This project is aimed at gathering critical information about the current distribution and status of the Olympic Peninsula’s marten population so agencies can make informed decisions about marten conservation. Possible threats to this presumably small population could include inbreeding depression, habitat-related concerns and climate change-driven loss of deep snowpack at high elevations.

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