With public protests on the rise, Ontario and Quebec to work together to ensure climate change is addressed before project is approved
Although most of the news involving oil pipelines in Canada is focused on the recent protests and arrests in British Columbia, and the ongoing battle over the Keystone XL pipeline, there is a growing movement in Eastern Canada centered on the province of Quebec opposing another massive project — the Energy East Pipeline.
Photo by Mark Klotz
TransCanada Corporation’s $10.64 billion pipeline project, the largest tar sands pipeline proposed yet, would stretch west to east across Canada, starting from the tar sands mines in Alberta and traversing 2,858 miles across the country to multiple refineries in Quebec and New Brunswick from where the oil would be shipped out to Asia via new marine terminals in each of these provinces.
Much of the opposition to the project is over a deep-water terminal proposed for the tiny town of Cacouna, Quebec. Researches have long warned of the threat the Energy East project poses to the local beluga whale population. The terminal, located in the gulf of the St. Lawrence River, is located in the nursing grounds of the beluga, which is recognized by the province as an endangered species. And, although a court injunction forced a temporary stoppage, exploratory work is now ongoing, as is the grassroots efforts to oppose the project.
In October, thousands marched through the town of Cacouna (population 1,939) to protest the terminal. But, as of Oct. 30, the project became official when TransCanada filed a formal application for the pipeline. Environmental groups including Greenpeace and Environmental Defence Canada are digging in their heels and preparing for a battle with the energy giant, which is also seeking approval of its Keystone XL pipeline running through the United States to the Gulf of Mexico.
"Our application outlines how Energy East will be built and operated in a safe and environmentally responsible manner, while generating significant benefits for all Canadians," says Russ Girling, TransCanada's president and chief executive officer. "We have been out in the field for more than 18 months gathering data, performing environmental studies and engaging with Aboriginal and stakeholder groups in the initial design and planning of the project."
The debate, set …more
Lupe Anguiano is working to stop fracking near the beautiful pacific beaches and fertile agricultural fields of her hometown, Oxnard, CA
I’ve come to Oxnard, California to see oil wells but Lupe Anguiano starts by showing me the ocean. “I love the ocean,” she says as we walk a cement path from the parking lot to the sand. “I have a prayer that I composed and I bring salt and then I bless the ocean, asking it to protect its marine life.”
We stand at the threshold of beach and sidewalk and Lupe points to the faint outline on the horizon. Squinting, I realize that the gray hulk is neither boat nor island but an oil production platform. And there are others. On a clearer day I could see beyond them to the prized Channel Islands, of which Anacapa is Lupe’s favorite. “Because of the birds,” she tells me. “One day you’ll come here just to relax and we can take the boat there.”
Photo by Sarah Craig/Faces of Fracking
Today is not a day that we’ll relax. We are going to explore the oil industry’s onshore infrastructure — drilling rigs, wastewater injection wells, and even a tar sands production facility. The last will leave Lupe gasping for breath, clutching her chest, and me terrified that I’ve just endangered the health of an 85-year-old civil rights hero.
Octogenarian vs. the Oil Industry
Lupe has marked time by the ripeness of fruit. Her childhood summers were spent following California’s harvests. She and her family picked apricots around Oxnard, then headed north to San Jose when the plums were ready, and back south again for walnuts.
For the first eight years of her life, this was the summer ritual, and the rest of the year they lived in Colorado where her father worked for the railroad. But when Lupe was in third grade they moved permanently to California, and settled by her aunt in Saticoy, near Oxnard.
Oxnard, where Lupe lives now, is 60 miles up the coast from Los Angeles. It’s a happy marriage of Pacific beaches and fertile agricultural fields. When Lupe was a kid it was grapevines and groves of lemons and oranges. She still remembers the perfume as she rode her bike from the fields to the beach.
Today you’re more likely to see tomatoes, …more
In Review: The Great Invisible (Documentary)
During a congressional hearing with oil industry honchos following the Deepwater Horizon disaster, Exxon Mobil chairman and CEO Rex Tillerson made a startling — and hair-raising — candid admission: “When these things happen we are not well equipped to handle them… There will be impacts.”
These “impacts” (one of the most Orwellian euphemisms since the Pentagon came up with “collateral damage”) include the spilling of an estimated 176 million gallons into the Gulf of Mexico for 57 days after the April 20, 2010 explosion aboard the Deepwater Horizon offshore oil-drilling rig operated by BP that killed 11 crewmen and devastated the Gulf’s ecosystem. While many of the aftereffects of the epic, apocalyptic blowout may be invisible to the naked eye, the fireball it caused was visible from 35 miles away.
Photo courtesy of RADiUS-TWC
Using artfully intercut news clips, archival footage, amateur video, and original interviews, award-winning filmmaker Margaret Brown — who is originally from the Gulf Coast — weaves a terrifying tapestry in The Great Invisible, which reveals how the catastrophe has affected the lives of rig workers, oystermen, fishermen and shrimpers of Louisiana, Alabama, Texas, and Mississippi. The film also details the petroleum industry’s response (or lack of) to the calamity and its aftermath. The Great Invisible’s executive producers are Jeff Skoll and Diane Weyermann of Participant Media, who also produced An Inconvenient Truth, the 2006 climate change documentary featuring Al Gore that scored Academy Awards, a Grammy and the Nobel Peace Prize.
The 92-minute documentary’s most harrowing on camera interviews are with survivors of the big blast — roustabout Stephen Stone, who reportedly suffers from PTSD, and the rig’s chief engineer Douglas Harold Brown, who had accompanied the ship to the Gulf from South Korea, where it was built in 2001.
Regretting that he was a loyal cog in the oil industry’s wheel for so long, Brown — who attempted to commit suicide following the debacle — admits “I feel guilty because I played along.” While Stone — who has been deeply traumatized by the blast and subsequent shabby treatment by the industry -- testifies before Congress, even though he is heavily …more
Will corporations and activists join forces to end deforestation in Indonesia?
September brought good news for the world’s forests with the unveiling of the New York Declaration on Forests at the UN Climate Summit. The Declaration, which pledges to end global deforestation by 2030, was signed by 130 governments, including the US, Germany, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Perhaps most significantly, it was also backed by commitments from 40 major food corporations to eliminate palm oil grown on deforested land from their supply chains.
Photo by Rainforest Action Network
That’s a big deal, given that palm oil has been the single largest driver of tropical deforestation in recent years. When the medical establishment deemed trans-fats heart-unhealthy in the mid-1990s, demand for the supposedly more benign palm oil soared, increasing nearly six-fold since the year 2000. Palm oil is now used in nearly half of all foods on supermarket shelves, added to everything from breakfast cereals to margarine to potato chips. It is also an ingredient in shampoo, soaps, cosmetics, toothpaste, and laundry detergents, and is used as a feedstock for biofuels.
Palm oil is cheap. It is the highest yielding oil crop in the world, and the most abundant. The World Wildlife Fund estimates that every hour, an area of rainforest the size of 300 football fields is cleared to make way for new palm oil production — mainly in Indonesia, the country with the highest rate of deforestation in the world.
At this breakneck and still accelerating pace, 98 percent of the Indonesian rainforest will be gone by 2022, and along with it one of the greatest remaining biodiversity treasure troves on Earth. The palm oil boom has been a disaster for the orangutan, the Sumatran tiger, the clouded leopard, the pigmy elephant, and countless lesser known endangered species whose homelands are rapidly being converted to large-scale plantations.
It has also been catastrophic for the climate. Indonesia is currently the third largest carbon polluting country in the world, trailing only China and the US. Over 85 percent of the nation’s emissions come from forest destruction, which releases carbon stored in trees and ancient peatland swamps into the atmosphere. …more
It is not clear if farmer suicides are linked to pesticide use, says coauthor of study that’s being cited in news reports connecting the two
Is routine exposure to pesticides responsible for the global outbreak of suicides on farms? One might think so after reading a recent report that was published in several popular science and environment magazines and websites that suggested researchers have linked pesticide exposure with farmer suicides.
The pesticide-suicide meme gained currency on in early October with the publication of the article, “Pesticide use by farmers linked to high rates of depression, suicide,” in the online magazine Environmental Health News. The article noted that “recent research has linked long-term use of pesticides to higher rates of depression and suicide.” Versions of the article were published by the Scientific American and other publications. But a closer look into the issue reveals that so far, no direct link has been established between pesticide exposure and farmer suicides.
Photo courtesy Oregon Department of Agriculture
It’s true that suicides on farms are occurring with alarming frequency, not only in developing countries like India and China, but also in the United States, France, England, Canada, and Australia. Prolonged drought, failed crops, mounting debt, and poor economics on the farm have been offered as possible reasons, in addition to depression caused by pesticide exposures. (According to an investigation published in 2012 in the medical journal The Lancet, a person living in a rural area is twice as likely to commit suicide as a person in an urban area.) But, as Dr Freya Kamel, a senior researcher at the National Institutes of Health says, there’s no evidence that exposure to pesticides is a direct cause of farmer suicides.
Kamel is one of the eight co-authors of a study cited by in the media reports as evidence of the link between pesticides and suicides. The study, “Pesticide Exposure and Depression among Male Private Pesticide Applicators in the Agricultural Health Study,” was published in the September 2014 issue of the scientific journal Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP). Kamel says that while research shows that pesticide exposure does affect mental health, some people are misreading the study as evidence of a pesticide-suicide connection.
“Everybody who has been talking to me about our recent publication has wanted to conflate the two things,” she told …more
Leaked documents indicate that the Canadian oil transport company is desperate to build public support for its alternative to Keystone XL
As supporters of the Keystone XL pipeline scrambled yesterday get that one last Democratic Senator on board to pass a bill authorizing the controversial project today, a set of leaked documents revealed that TransCanada, the company behind the proposed oil pipeline, is already hard at work trying figure out how to gain public support for an alternative pipeline that would run only through Canada and could make the Keystone XL proposal redundant.
Photo by shannonpatrick17/Flickr
Internal documents from the PR giant Edelman, obtained by Greenpeace and in the possession of Earth Island Journal, reveal that the world’s largest public relations firm is advising TransCanada on how to build support for this new pipeline plan — called the Energy East Pipeline — by, among other things, discrediting environmental groups opposed to it and creating an Astroturf campaign touting the new pipeline’s so-called environmental benefits.
The $10.64 billion Energy East Pipeline, the largest tar sands pipeline proposed yet, would stretch west to east across Canada, starting from the tar sands mines in Alberta and traversing 2,858 miles across the country to a refinery in New Brunswick on the Atlantic coast. The company filed an application on October 30, seeking permission to build the pipeline that would carry more than 1 million barrels of tar sands crude per day across six Canadian provinces and four time zones.
The proposal has been described by some as an “oil route around Obama.” Given the President’s Friday critique of Keystone XL — as a project that “doesn’t have an impact on US gas prices” — it’s expected he will veto the Keystone bill even if the Senate passes it today. Seen in that context, a domestic pipeline makes sense for TransCanada even though it might be more than two times the length of Keystone XL. (The Energy East Pipeline will also be able to transport one-third times more crude per day than Keystone XL)
The alternative pipeline idea isn’t all that new. Given the prolonged wrangling over Keystone XL, Canadian oil producers and transporters have more
In Review: This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate
The first thing to say about Naomi’s Klein’s latest book is that its title makes a grand promise, This Changes Everything – and that’s before you even get to the subtitle, which sets up a face-off between capitalism on one side and the climate on the other. The second thing to say is that no single book could ever meet such a promise. Klein, with careful aplomb, does not attempt to do so. Rather, she offers a tour of the horizon upon which we will meet our fates. Or, rather, the horizon upon which we will attempt to change them.
In the face of such huge topics, Klein’s strategy is a practical one. She defers the problem of capitalism-in-itself (as German philosophers used to call it) and focuses instead on our era’s particular type of capitalism – the neoliberal capitalism of boundless privatization and deregulation, of markets-über-alles ideology and oligarchic billionaires. Her central argument is not (as some have insisted) that capitalism has to go before we can begin to save ourselves, but rather that we’re going to have to get past neoliberalism if we want to face the greater challenges. Klein writes:
Some say there is no time for this transformation; the crisis is too pressing and the clock is ticking. I agree that it would be reckless to claim that the only solution to this crisis is to revolutionize our economy and revamp our worldview from the bottom up – and anything short of that is not worth doing. There are all kinds of measures that would lower emissions substantively that could and should be done right now. But we aren’t taking those measures, are we?
At the outset Klein asks the obvious question: Why haven’t we, in the face of existential danger, mobilized to lower emissions? There are lots of reasons, but one stands above all others. We have not mobilized because “market fundamentalism has, from the very first moments, systematically sabotaged our collective response to climate change, a threat that came knocking just as this ideology was reaching its zenith.” In other words the climate crisis came with spectacularly “bad timing.” The severity of the danger became clear at the very time when “there-is-no-alternative” capitalism was rising to ideological triumph, foreclosing the exact remedies (long-term planning, stricter government regulation, collective …more