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Bill Clinton’s Visionary Northwest Forest Plan Is On the Chopping Block

Feds proposal to revise forest management plan that safeguards old growth forests in the Pacific Northwest could lead to increased logging

Twenty years ago, the Clinton administration adopted the Northwest Forest Plan to safeguard what little remained of the region’s heavily logged old-growth forests, as well as protect its imperiled wildlife. The plan limited the timber industry’s access to federal timber in Oregon, Washington, and Northern California. But now, the Obama administration appears willing to concede to the demands of the logging industry and members of Congress who are clamoring for timber they say they were promised but never delivered.

SCoastal Temperate Rainforest in Drift Creek, OregonPhoto by Sam BeebeThe Northwest’s ancient forests need protection now more than ever. Since the plan went into effect in April 1994, many more species that call these forests home face extinction and unanticipated threats, like climate change, have worsened.

The Northwest’s ancient forests need protection now more than ever. Since the plan went into effect in April 1994, many more species that call these forests home face extinction and unanticipated threats, like climate change, have worsened. Yet the US Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management, the two federal agencies that jointly administer the plan, want to introduce revisions to the Northwest Forest Plan that could again open up these forests to more logging.

The Forest Service revealed the basic outline of the revised plan to representatives of several environmental groups and the American Forest Resources Council, an industry group, at separate private briefings in Portland last November. The revisions involve folding the ecosystem-wide Northwest Forest Plan — which applies to 24.5 million acres of forests across the region — into planning documents for each of the 17 national forests across the three states, and another nine areas in western Oregon managed by the US Bureau of Land Management.

“We were there [at the briefing] because the agency wanted to hear our concerns,” says Chuck Willer of the Corvallis-based conservation group, Coast Range Association. “In rapid order, speaker after speaker from the conservation community urged the agency ‘Keep the Northwest Forest Plan intact.’”

The timber industry’s response was quite the opposite. “We want a plan that will work. It hasn’t worked for a variety of reasons,” says Tom Partin, president of the American Forest Resources Council, a logging industry group based in Portland. He said the Northwest Forest Plan was designed to deliver 1.2 billion board feet of timber to the industry, but …more

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US Launches Plan to Halt Decline of Monarch Butterfly

$2m to be spent on growing milkweed and other butterfly-friendly plants along main migration routes from Minnesota to Mexico

The Obama administration and conservation groups launched a plan on Monday to halt the death spiral of the monarch butterfly.

The most familiar of American butterflies, known for their extraordinary migration from Mexico through the mid-west to Canada, monarch populations have plummeted 90 percent over the past 20 years.

a cluster of monarch butterflies on a treePhoto by Jill Heemstra Migrating monarchs rest on a tree in Nebraska.The iconic butterfly's population has slumped by 90 percent.

Fewer than 50m butterflies made it to Mexico last winter – a fraction of the population once estimated at 1bn.

Those numbers mirror the sharp declines of honey bees in recent years.

“We need to turn that around,” Dan Ashe, director of US Fish and Wildlife Service, told The Guardian. “If you look at the 20-year trend definitely monarchs are at risk of vanishing.”

The USFWS will spend $2m (£1.3m) and work with the National Wildlife Federation and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to grow milkweed and other butterfly-friendly plants along the monarchs’ main migration routes from Minnesota to Mexico.

The initiative aims to restore more than 200,000 acres of habitat through the spring breeding grounds of Texas and Oklahoma and summer breeding areas in the Corn Belt, tracking closely to the I-35 highway from Austin, Texas to St Paul, Minnesota.

There are also plans to promote wildflowers such as goldenrod and aster along pipeline and electricity lines.

Monarch populations have fallen precipitously over the past 20 years because of changes in farming methods, and the destruction of milkweed that is the caterpillars’ main habitat.

The idea is to get populations back up to 1bn.

Monarchs showed a slight rebound this year, because of good weather. “That’s a sign we haven’t yet reached any disastrous tipping point,” Ashe said. “If the habitat improves, if we make more habitat for them, then the population still seems to have the ability to respond.”

The Centre for Biological Diversity went to court last August to seek protection for the monarch under the endangered species act. Ashe said the petition presented “substantive evidence” for such protections, and the government was studying the case.

The group welcomed the new initiative – but said protecting the monarchs would be far more effective.

“I …more

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After the Fracking Ban

What’s next for New York’s environmental movement?

It’s been just over a month since Governor Andrew Cuomo’s administration announced that fracking would be banned in New York State. This decisive victory for environmental activists who had campaigned for years to keep the industry out of the state also presents a dilemma: Without a high profile issue to rally around, will the state’s environmental movement be able to achieve more far-reaching goals?

Anti fracking protest in NYCPhoto by Adam Welz/CREDO ActionThe ban on fracking is freeing up precious time and resources for the New York environmental community to move onto other campaigns, many of which are related to unconventional oil and gas development.

In a post on its website Catskill Mountainkeeper, a grassroots organization involved in the anti-fracking movement from the very beginning, summed up the mood as follows: “This is a huge win for New Yorkers,” the organization wrote, “but the fight is far from over.” Indeed, some activists argue that Cuomo’s decision to ban fracking was less fraught for the governor than it seemed. With oil and gas prices as low as they are, the economic imperative to drill simply wasn’t there. In a few years oil could easily be trading at $100 a barrel, natural gas prices could be high, and a future administration might decide to change course.

“While there was a really amazing and grassroots effort that happened across New York state,” says Henry Harris, an organizer with Rising Tide, “I think we are left with the problematic equation that we’re always dealing with where an environmental win is usually temporary and a loss is usually permanent.”

Still, the ban on fracking in New York State is freeing up precious time and resources for the environmental community to move onto other campaigns, many of which are related to unconventional oil and gas development, as well as focus on the important task of figuring out how to move away from fossil fuels altogether. Plus, activists haven’t given up on the push to ban fracking elsewhere, in nearby states like Pennsylvania and New Jersey, or nationwide for that matter. “We’d like to spread the ban fever from New York across the nation,” says Tracy Carluccio, deputy director of the Delaware Riverkeeper Network. “Until that happens, nobody is safe or in any way free from the pollution and degradation of our natural world that comes with …more

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World’s Biggest Sovereign Wealth Fund Dumps Dozens of Coal Companies

Norway’s giant fund removes investments made risky by climate change and other environmental concerns, including coal, oil sands, cement and gold mining

The world’s richest sovereign wealth fund removed 32 coal mining companies from its portfolio in 2014, citing the risk they face from regulatory action on climate change.

smokestacksPhoto by Curt Carnemark/World BankThe country’s $850 billion sovereign wealth fund, GPFG, has published its divestment details in its first report on responsible investing.

Norway’s Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG), worth $850bn and founded on the nation’s oil and gas wealth, revealed a total of 114 companies had been dumped on environmental and climate grounds in its first report on responsible investing, released on Thursday. The companies divested also include tar sands producers, cement makers and gold miners.

As part of a fast-growing campaign, over $50bn in fossil fuel company stocks have been divested by 180 organizations on the basis that their business models are incompatible with the pledge by the world’s governments to tackle global warming. But the GPFG is the highest profile institution to divest to date.

A series of analyses have shown that only a quarter of known and exploitable fossil fuels can be burned if temperatures are to be kept below 2C, the internationally agreed danger limit. Bank of England governor Mark Carney, World Bank president Jim Yong Kim and others have warned investors that action on climate change would leave many current fossil fuel assets worthless.

“Our risk-based approach means that we exit sectors and areas where we see elevated levels of risk to our investments in the long term,” said Marthe Skaar, spokeswoman for GPFG, which has $40bn invested in fossil fuel companies. “Companies with particularly high greenhouse gas emissions may be exposed to risk from regulatory or other changes leading to a fall in demand.”

She said GPFG had divested from 22 companies because of their high carbon emissions: 14 coal miners, five tar sand producers, two cement companies and one coal-based electricity generator. In addition, 16 coal miners linked to deforestation in Indonesia and India were dumped, as were two US coal companies involved in mountain-top removal. The GPFG did not reveal the names of the companies or the value of the divestments.

 “One of the largest global investment institutions is winding down its coal interests, as it is clear the business model for coal no longer works with western markets already in a death spiral, and signs …more

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In Conversation: Dr.  M. Sanjayan, host of EARTH: A New Wild

Conservation biologist discusses his new PBS Series, the challenges of co-existing with wild animals, and the schism among conservationists these days.

Last night PBS debuted its newest nature special, EARTH: A New Wild. In the opening episode, the program’s host, M. Sanjayan, promises that this will be a genre-busting kind of environmental documentary. “My mission,” Sanjayan says, “is to tell you an untold story, where we humans are not separate from nature – we are part of it.” And indeed this isn’t just a Planet Earth knock off. Instead of focusing the camera on the planet’s myriad natural wonders, Sanjayan is more interested in exploring a thornier question: How can human civilization and wild nature coexist, especially in this worrisome new era of the Anthropocene? 

Earlier this week I got the chance to geek out with Sanjayan, who, when not hosting globe-spanning television documentaries, works for the NGO Conservation International. We talked about his aspirations for the new program, why Americans have such an especially hard time living with bears and wolves, and the current tensions in the field of conservation biology.

You’ve titled your new PBS Series, “Earth: A New Wild.” So what exactly is it about the wild today that makes it new?

So, first of all, you should know the way that titles come up, I had very, very little to do with the title. At the end of the day it becomes this gigantic – many people get involved. They have to look at what’s been done before, and what’s been on television, etcetera. But the original working title for the show was, “Earth in the Age of Man.” So, the Anthropocene. When I think about the new wild, what I think about is a place that still feels, looks, tastes, acts wild – but along with the larger human presence within it. And if you want one example of it, it’s the Centennial Valley of Montana. The Serengeti plains would be [another] great example. These are places that look wild, but have had a human presence for a long time. And in some ways human presence has modified those landscapes and in some ways, today, they are fundamentally protecting that landscape, too.

photo of a man sitting in bamboo with a giant pandaCourtesy of Ami VitaleSanjayan and panda

You didn’t use the term, because it’s a little academic, but this really is the PBS nature special for …more

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10 Million Gallons of ‘Missing Oil’ from 2010 BP Spill Found on Gulf Sea Floor

Oil sediments will contaminate the food web for years to come, scientists say

The April 2010 blowout of BP’s Macondo well spilled more than 200 million gallons of crude oil across an area of around 68,000 square miles in the Gulf of Mexico. Much of this oil was removed using various cleanup measures, including skimming and mopping it off the sea surface, burnings of concentrated slicks, and applications of the dispersant COREXIT. But several million gallons of the spilled crude simply disappeared. Clean up crews were unable to locate it.

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill SitePhoto by Green Fire ProductionsDay 30 of Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The new study by Florida State University scientists corroborates earlier research, which had shown that a some of the missing oil had settled on the sea floor.

Now a new study published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology appears to have solved the missing oil mystery: it says that 10 million gallons of oil are sitting on the Gulf sea floor, 62 miles southeast of the Mississippi Delta.

The study, led by Florida State University Professor of Oceanography Jeff Chanton, details how oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill caused particles in the Gulf to clump together and sink to the ocean floor where it poses a threat to the marine environment.

"This is going to affect the Gulf for years to come," Chanton said in a statement. "Fish will likely ingest contaminants because worms ingest the sediment, and fish eat the worms. It's a conduit for contamination into the food web."

Earlier research by scientists at University of California, Santa Barabara, had shown that a some of the missing oil had settled on the sea floor, but only a small portion of it had been located. Chanton and his team have located the rest of it. BP had challenged those earlier findings, saying that the researchers "failed to identify the source of the oil," but this new study, which made sure to avoided areas with natural oil seeps, might help lay those doubts to rest.

Chanton and his team collected 62 sediment cores from a 9,266 square mile area around the spill site and used carbon-14, a radioactive isotope, as an “inverse tracer” to determine where oil might have settled on the floor. (Ocean sediment contains carbon-14, oil does not, so sediment samples without carbon-14 indicate the presence of oil).

Based …more

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Keystone Pipeline: Oil Price Drop Will Worsen Climate Impact, EPA Warns

Falling oil prices could mean higher carbon pollution for the controversial pipeline, a finding that gives Obama new cause to reject the project

Falling oil prices have changed the economic viability of the Keystone XL pipeline — and that means the project would result in much higher carbon pollution, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) said on Tuesday.

The finding hands President Barak Obama new grounds on which to reject the pipeline, only days after the Senate voted to force approval of the project and as the House Republican leadership moved to a final vote that could send a pipeline bill toward the president’s desk as soon as next week.

Keystone pipline protest in NYCPhoto by Michael FleshmanThe EPA says that the recent drop in oil prices means that Keystone would promote further expansion of the Alberta tar sands, unleashing more greenhouse gas emissions, and worsening climate change.

In a letter to the State Department, the EPA said the recent drop in oil prices meant that Keystone would indeed promote further expansion of the Alberta tar sands, unleashing more greenhouse gas emissions, and worsening climate change.

“Until ongoing efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with the production of oil sands are more successful and widespread development of oil sands crude represents a significant increase in greenhouse gas emissions,” the EPA’s assistant administrator, Cynthia Giles, wrote in a letter posted on the agency’s website.

The agency said building the pipeline could increase emissions by as much as 27.4m metric tons a year — almost as much as building eight new coal-fired power plants.

Campaigners said the finding gave Obama all the information he needed to reject the pipeline. Obama had earlier said he would take climate change into account when rendering his final decision on the project.

“As of today the president has all the nails that he needs to close the lid on this particular boondoggle of a coffin,” Bill McKibben, the founder of 350.org, which led environmental opposition to the pipeline, told a conference call with reporters.

The president has final authority over the pipeline — much to the frustration of TransCanada, the pipeline company, which has been trying to build the project for more than six years.

TransCanada reiterated that production in the Alberta tar sands was expanding anyway, suggesting that Keystone would have no effect on climate change. “The oil that Keystone XL will deliver is getting to market today — that is a fact,” Shawn Howard, a spokesman for …more

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