Recent shark hunts by China-based company highlights need for independent monitoring by NGOs, says Sea Shepherd activist
In Timor Leste law, a small country in Southeast Asia that achieved its independence from Indonesia in 2002, shark hunting is illegal, but that didn't prevent a China- based company from sending vessels out to the country's waters recently to illegally catch thousands of sharks.
Photo by Jake Parker/Sea Shepherd
In September, the ocean conservation group Sea Shepherd, working with local police in Timor Leste, caught 15 vessels filled with thousands of sharks using gill nets to scoop up the bottom feeding sharks, some of which are internationally protected as endangered species. Banned from hunting for sharks in Indonesia's waters, these shark-hunting vessels prey on Timor Leste, an impoverished country with no resources to patrol or regulate their waters.
The company that owns the vessels, Pingtan Marine Enterprise, is listed on the United States NASDAQ, and has been banned in the past from fishing in Indonesian waters. The company did have fishing licenses from the Timor Leste government, but not for shark hunting. These large hauls threaten the country's fishing supply and marine ecosystem.
The same fleet of illegal shark fishing vessels were caught in August 2017 in a restricted marine sanctuary near the Galapagos Islands that has one of the greatest abundance of sharks in the world. That, and the limited resources of Ecuador and the Galapagos National Park to patrol the waters, have made it a target for illegal shark hunting.
Though the crew was arrested, the private company still thrives on breaking international laws to feed the demand of the shark fin industry.
Small governments and limited monitoring resources make countries like Timor Leste and regions like the Galapagos easy targets for large fishing companies like Pingtan Marine looking to make big profits with illegal hauls.
"Developing countries such as Timor Leste are prime targets for exploitation by developed nations’ fishing fleets. This is largely down to the limited or lack of marine enforcement assets and training/knowledge into illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing," says Gary Stokes, Asia director of Sea Shepherd.
Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing accounts for up to US $23.5 billion worth of fish caught worldwide every year. In other words, 1 in every 5 fish that you can buy at the store was probably illegally caught. This kind of fishing robs, often poor, coastal communities of vital sources of food and income and damage marine environments. International cooperation and alerts …more
Conservationists worried Chinese-backed project will threaten safety of wildlife, integrity of ecosystem
Nairobi National Park has become the focal point of a conflict between national development priorities and environmental conservation in Kenya. Established in 1946, this 117-square-kilometer wilderness area is the oldest state park in Kenya, and home to incredible biodiversity. Animals such as buffalo, giraffe, lions, leopard, white rhino, the endangered black rhino, and more than 600 bird species live inside the protected area, which is also the only national park in the world within a city.
Photo courtesy of EAWLS
But a mega infrastructure project is about to change the face and future of this wilderness. A new standard gauge railway (SGR), for transportation of freight and high-speed passenger service between the seaport of Mombasa and the capital city of Nairobi, is proposed to cut through Nairobi Park.
The SGR has been presented as a key project for Kenya’s long-term plan to become an industrialized country by 2030. Constructed at a cost of $3.8 billion, the 484-kilometer railway is primarily funded by the government of China and is being built by Chinese companies. The new track runs parallel with the old meter-gauge railway built in 1904, which crosses into Nairobi before continuing west into Uganda.
In order to avoid the huge cost of compensating Nairobi businesses and residences that were in the original path of the train and were slated for demolition, the Kenya Railways Corporation and the National Land Commission decided in 2016 to run part of the second phase of the SGR through Nairobi National Park. Several park-based options were considered initially, including one that would have cut through a rhino-breeding zone, before the authorities settled on raising the track onto a bridge with underpasses so that animals could move around the rail line.
Already, 216 acres of park land have been dedicated to 12 kilometers of railway. This decision has conservationists and nature lovers up in arms over the long-term integrity of this ecosystem.
Akshay Vishwanath, chairman of the conservation organization Friends of Nairobi National Park (FoNNaP), has been a vocal critic of the project. “The claims by the Kenya Railways Corporation that the bridge across Nairobi Park will not have an impact on the wildlife is unsubstantiated by any facts, and is not based on reliable science,” said Vishwanath.
He refers to findings in 2016 by the organization Save the …more
Veteran forest defender discusses 30 years of ecosystem advocacy
Forests store and sequester mind-boggling quantities of carbon, making forest protection one of the most effective (and simplest) actions we can take to buffer our planet against the ravages of climate change — a fact that “ecosystem advocate” Shannon Wilson is well aware of. At 52, Wilson remains one of the most experienced, dedicated, and effective forest defenders in the United States. Over the last 30 years, he has been pivotal in the preservation of hundreds of thousands of acres of native forests in his home state of Oregon, and has fought to protect the clean air, pure water, species habitat, and climate regulation these ecosystems provide.
Photo courtesy of Shannon Wilson
From his early days Earth First! to his time in the Sierra Club (from which he was ousted, much like Sierra Club executive director David Brower, who went on to found Earth Island Institute) to his current project, Eco Advocates NW, Wilson has been there on the front lines and behind the scenes organizing and engaging in grassroots campaigns to defend wild forests. And, though the fate of our nation’s last bio-diverse ecosystems remains uncertain, Wilson refuses to give up on the forests to which he has dedicated his life.
Earth Island Journal interviewed Wilson to talk about his three decades of ecosystem advocacy, his perspective on the modern environmental movement, and his vision for the future of life on Earth.
What are your roots?
I grew up in southwest Oregon, one of the most bio-diverse ecosystems in the world. My family of seven, we pretty much lived in poverty. I was raised on food stamps and big blocks of cheese from the government for quite a few years. As a kid, I spent most of my time outside of school just hanging out in old growth forest in my backyard. There was a creek that flowed through those forests and they were public lands, BLM [Bureau of Land Management] lands.
When were you first made aware of threats to the natural world?
I first learned about extinction by writing a report about the passenger pigeon, I think when I was in fourth grade. And from there, that connection to the natural world and all its species led me to think that, when I grew up, I could be an advocate for wild places and those species that reside there.
What spurred you to take action to …more
Public financing for oil and gas estimated at $9 billion in 2016 fiscal year alone, much of it after Paris Agreement
In the last year alone, vulnerable populations have suffered massive damage from the impacts of a changing climate. “Super hurricanes” have torn through the Caribbean — turbocharged by abnormally warm waters — making islands uninhabitable. Flooding, mudslides, wildfires, and avalanches have hit nearly every continent, killing thousands. These extreme weather events decimated basic infrastructure and destroyed livelihoods and economies. While not all of these individual events can be unequivocally linked to climate change, many are strengthened by it, and they are a harbinger of things to come in a world of climate disruption.
Photo by Adventures of KM&G-Morris, Flickr
In keeping with their mission to end poverty, multilateral development banks (MDBs) have been vocal about the climate challenge. The World Bank has called climate change an “acute threat to global development that increases instability and contributes to poverty, fragility, and migration,” and has noted that their client countries “recognize the threat and the opportunity: that the transition to a low-carbon, climate resilient economy can drive innovation, jobs, and growth.”
Despite these words, a new briefing released today shows that about a quarter of these banks’ investments between fiscal years 2014 and 2016 flowed to fossil fuel infrastructure — $28 billion in total — directly at odds with efforts to fight climate change. In the 2016 fiscal year alone, multilateral development banks provided $9 billion in public finance to fossil fuel projects — a form of public subsidy. The majority of this $9 billion in finance actually occurred after the Paris Agreement had already been reached in late 2015.
The World Bank Group and Asian Development Bank drove the 2016 increase in fossil fuel finance, including major support to exploration for oil and gas — some of the most egregious fossil fuel projects given that the world has more already-producing fossil fuel reserves than the climate can bear. Burning through the reserves in currently-operating oil and gas fields alone, even if coal use suddenly stopped tomorrow, would take us far beyond 1.5°C of warming.
Given these catastrophic implications, civil society groups are uniting to demand real climate leadership from the World Bank. The Big Shift campaign calls for an immediate end to coal and exploration finance, and an end to all MDB fossil finance by …more
Anti-pipeline activists celebrate victory, caution against complacence
Last week, energy company TransCanada pulled the plug on its 2,800-mile Energy East Pipeline and Eastern Mainline projects, which would have shipped 1.1 million barrels of crude oil from the Athabasca tar sands to refineries in Eastern Canada. The move was celebrated as a victory by environmentalists and Indigenous people pushing for a transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy.
Photo by Dru Oja Jay, Dominion
“This is a tremendous battle victory in the greater fight to keep fossil fuels in the ground and for climate justice for Indigenous nations,” Dallas Goldtooth, an organizer with the Indigenous Environmental Network’s Keep It In The Ground project, said in a statement. The announcement, Goldtooth said, “supports the validity and strength of an Indigenous rights-based approach to win these battles. All along the Energy East pipeline route First Nations took a stand to defend their inherent rights, protect their water and Mother Earth and resist the colonial actions of Canada and its oil regime.”
But the work is far from over — three other massive tar sands pipeline projects representing millions of barrels of oil per day loom in the distance.
Depending on who you talk to, there are a few explanations for TransCanada ending the billion-dollar Energy East project, which happens to be the second major pipeline project to be cancelled following the end of the $7.9-billion Northern Gateway pipeline in 2016. Theories include relentless resistance, especially from Indigenous communities whose traditional territories and waters were located on or near the pipeline route, as well as over-regulation by various levels of government and forecasts of a continuing dip in global oil prices and production that made the project less economically attractive.
The Treaty Alliance Against Tar Sands Expansion, a coalition of First Nations and Native American tribes across North America attributed the pipeline’s demise to grassroots activism.
“Both the Northern Gateway fight and this Energy East one show that when First Nations stand together, supported by non-Indigenous allies, we win,” Grand Chief Serge Simon of the Mohawk Council of Kanestake said on behalf of the Treaty Alliance.
Pending US Endangered Species Act listing could support recovery efforts, say advocates
Picture an animal enrobed in a fiery, jigsaw-patterned coat. A creature of such majestic height that it towers amongst the trees. As your eyes make their way up its long neck that appears to defy gravity, you find crowned atop its head two Seussian, horn-like protrusions framing dark, curious eyes fanned by lashes. In its truest sense, the giraffe fits the description of a creature plucked from the pages of a fantastical story. Even its species name, Giraffa camelopardalis, comes from the ancient Greek belief that the giraffe is a peculiar camel wearing the coat of a leopard. Meanwhile, the Japanese word for giraffe and unicorn are one and the same.
Photo by Julian Fennesy
Today, we continue to walk the Earth with these awe-inspiring creatures, which range across much of Africa. But giraffes are facing what many are calling a ‘silent extinction.’ Public awareness and global action is critically due. “These gentle giants have been overlooked,” appeals Sir David Attenborough in BBC’s “Story of Life” documentary series aired in late 2016, urging that “time is running out.”
As word begins to get out about the difficulty giraffes are facing, a small, committed cohort are fighting for the species. They are working diligently in the field to learn more about the animals and their populations, cooperating with governments to preserve land giraffes depend on, and collaborating with communities to conserve their wildlife. Meanwhile, others are championing for giraffes on the legal frontlines, advocating for further protections. In particular, wildlife advocates have called for greater protections at the international level, as well as domestic restrictions on trade in giraffe parts in the United States.
The sharp decline of giraffe numbers over the past three decades led to an official change in their conservation status in December 2016, when the giraffe was “uplisted” from Least Concern status to Vulnerable — more specifically, “Vulnerable to Extinction” in the wild — on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List. (Listings under the IUCN don’t come with specific protections, but provide valuable information about species’ status as well as attention to the threats they face.) In making the decision, the IUCN cited an ongoing population decline of 36 to 40 percent between 1985 and 2015. This represents a change from approximately 106,191 to 114,416 mature individuals in 1985 down to 68,293 in …more
Nomination comes as Caribbean scientists calls for urgent climate action in wake of Hurricane Maria
Even a week after his visit to the Hurricane ravaged island of Puerto Rico, President Trump is still having to defend his crass comments and insensitive actions when he was there.
Speaking over the weekend, Trump defended his widely criticized action of throwing paper towels into a crowd, which was an image that was beamed around the world.
Photo by Coast Guard News
“They had these beautiful, soft towels. Very good towels,” Trump told the Christian network Trinity Broadcasting. “And I came in and there was a crowd of a lot of people. And they were screaming and they were loving everything. I was having fun, they were having fun,” he added. “They said, ‘Throw ’em to me! Throw ’em to me Mr. President!”
According to news report on NBC News, Trump also took credit for coming up with the term “fake.” “I think one of the greatest of all terms I’ve come up with is ‘fake,’” he said.
One of the greatest fallacies of this Presidency is that despite an unusually active Hurricane season, which scientists believe is being made worse by climate change, Preisent Trump still believes that climate change is fake.
He does not believe the science and facts staring at him in front of his face. Facts are not fake.
Dr. Michael Taylor, a physicist based at the University of the West Indies noted last week in the Guardian about the “unfamiliar” and “unprecedented” weather patterns the region was experiencing: “At no point in the historical records dating back to the late 1800s have two category five storms made landfall in the small Caribbean island chain of the eastern Antilles in a single year.”
He added: “Scientific analysis shows that the climate of the Caribbean region is already changing in ways that seem to signal the emergence of a new climate regime. Irma and Maria fit this pattern all too well.”
“But in the end”, wrote Taylor, “the future viability of the region is premised on collective global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”
Taylor points out that, due to the urgency of the problem, the Caribbean and other small island and developing states have argued for a limit to global warming of 1.5 degrees …more