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For Bison and Tribes Alike, a Homecoming

Native American nations are key to sustaining bison populations on the Great Plains

For almost 20 years, a heated battle has been taking place in the Northern Rocky Mountains as ranchers there fight against any attempts to allow bison to roam freely across the region’s plains and valleys. As federal and state wildlife agencies struggle to balance the cattle industry’s interests and the needs of the bison, the buffalo have found an important ally: Native American tribes, who view the bison’s success as key to their own cultural survival.

Santa Rita MountainsPhoto by Gouldy/Flickr Millions of bison once thundered across the Great Plains. Then market hunting, sport hunting, and targeting by the US Army nearly caused the extinction of wild bison.

Since 1985, Yellowstone National Park and Montana’s Department of Livestock have killed an estimated 7,000 bison that have ranged beyond the borders of the park. But the routine lethal management of bison herds didn’t attract widespread attention until the winter of 1996-97, when an especially harsh winter forced the world’s only purebred band of free-ranging bison to lower elevations to forage. For those who made it to the boundary, it was a collision with butchery.

That year’s kill-count exceeded one thousand Yellowstone bison, a number so high it drew news media attention, a boycott of Yellowstone tourism, and the establishment of an on-site advocacy group, the Buffalo Field Campaign, dedicated to protecting the bison. The 1996-97 hunt also led to a vigorous annual slaughter fueled by Montana ranchers’ fear that brucellosis, a bacterial disease that can cause cows to abort their fetuses, could spread to area cattle. According to the Buffalo Field Campaign, in the 2014-15 season, wildlife officials killed 739 bison. (About half of Yellowstone’s bison test positive for brucellosis, and 10 percent are infectious. Yet there are no documented cases of bison transferring disease to cattle in the state. Yellowstone’s elk also carry the disease, but do not receive the same treatment since they are prized by hunters.)

Bison are an iconic part of the American landscape and the national imagination. Millions once thundered across the Great Plains. Then market hunting, sport hunting, and targeting by the US Army nearly caused the extinction of wild bison. But 23 survivors found refuge deep within Yellowstone. Their wild descendants now number 4,900.

For Native Americans, the animals are not merely …more

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Social Justice and Climate Justice Movements Merge in New Orleans

Ten years later, many African Americans still feel left out of Hurricane Katrina recovery efforts

Marguerite Doyle Johnston, a resident of New Orleans’ Upper 9th Ward, did not take part in the multitude of events surrounding Hurricane Katrina’s 10th anniversary that celebrated the city’s resilience. “My neighborhood was left out of the recovery, so I don’t feel like celebrating,” she told DeSmog.

Johnston would have preferred that the money spent on celebrating New Orleans’ recovery be spent on restoring Club Desire, a landmark building in the Upper 9th Ward neighborhood that she has been trying to save and convert into a community center.

In its heyday, many of the city’s most famous artists performed in Club Desire, including Fats Domino and Little Freddie King. Despite Johnston’s efforts to rescue the building, it is slated for demolition later this fall. 

VIDEO: Marguerite Doyle Johnston inside Club Desire reflecting on Katrina 10:

According to Johnston, money spent on Katrina 10, the month-long celebration sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation and other corporate sponsors, is just another example of how the allocation of funds in post-Katrina New Orleans never made it to African American folks like her.

Corporate sponsorship was ever present. Katrina 10 hosted panel discussions, lectures, musical performances, second line parades, and visits from three presidents (Obama, Clinton, Bush).

photo of a t-shirt©2015 Julie DermanskyT-shirt with a list of corporate sponsors at a Katrina 10 year Anniversary event.

In her 2014 book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate, Naomi Klein, author of The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (2007), was inspired by what happened in New Orleans. The book “begins in a very specific time and place. The time was exactly ten years ago. The place was New Orleans, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. The road in question was flooded and littered with bodies,” she wrote on her website.

For the anniversary of Katrina, Klein released the chapter of The Shock Doctrine on New Orleans, post-Katrina, writing: 

“Rereading the chapter 10 years after the events transpired, I am struck most by this fact: the same military equipment and contractors used against New Orleans’ Black residents have since been used to militarize police across the United States, contributing to the epidemic of murders of unarmed Black men and women. That is one way in which the Disaster Capitalism Complex perpetuates itself and protects its lucrative market.” 

“We can sit and worry about climate change. …more

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Fictionalized Version of An Inuit’s Quest for Climate Justice Disappoints

In Review: Chloe & Theo

Chloe & Theo is one of those films in which the backstory of how it came to be is far more intriguing than the movie itself. That story has to do with an Inuit elder from the Canadian Arctic who, through the graces of a well-meaning socialite, wound up in Los Angeles around Christmas 2006.

CHLOE & THEO TRAILER from Spotlight Pictures on Vimeo.

Theo Ikummaq wanted to talk — hopefully with the powers that be — about how rising global temperatures and melting glaciers were impacting his icy homeland and his people, and to press for urgent climate action. Ikummaq managed to do some rounds of the LA party circuit and bend a few sympathetic ears his way, but no one stepped up to help him take his message to “the-people-who-matter.” At least not right away. A disillusioned Ikummaq returned home to the Inuit hamlet of Igloolik in Nunavut, northern Canada, where he works as a conservation officer.

Now, it so happened that Lloyd Philips, the Oscar­winning producer of Inglorious Basterds and The Tourist, who Ikummaq met at one of those LA soirees, did find his story compelling enough to take action. Philips called his friend, Monica Ord, an entrepreneur and consultant who had spent nearly two decades in the life sciences industry, helping develop promising therapies for HIV/AIDS and other immunological deficiency disorders. Lloyd felt that, given her connections to high-profile people supportive of her work, Ord might be able to help Ikummaq.

Deeply moved by Ikummaq’s story, Ord in turn, contacted Richard Branson, the billionaire maverick founder of Virgin Group who had helped her on various projects in the past. She broached the idea of traveling to the Arctic together to document the impact of climate change in the region first hand. Branson apparently agreed in a jiffy and by February 2007 the duo were in Baffin Island in ­45 degree weather
along with a film crew.

Ord and her team came back with 200 hours of footage showing the profound changes global
warming has wrought upon the local environment and wildlife. But while some of this footage made its way onto various websites, most of it languished. The documentary medium was clearly not working.

A meeting between a frustrated Ord and filmmaker Enza Sands spawned the idea of …more

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This Land Is Our Land

Time for Congress to renew the Land and Water Conservation Fund

Aahhh, Labor Day weekend — the last gasp for those all-American summer pastimes of camping, hiking, fishing and backpacking. This holiday millions of Americans will take advantage of the long weekend to make one more adventure into our beautiful public lands before the responsibilities of fall descend. But if Congress doesn’t fulfill some of its responsibilities when lawmakers return from their August recess, the funding that sustains outdoor recreation and backwoods escape will be greatly reduced.

man fly-fishing in a lakePhoto by Joseph/FlickrSince its establishment in 1965, the Land and Water Conservation Fund has helped protect more than 5 million acres of natural landscapes and wildlife areas.

At the end of September, a long-standing public lands law will expire unless Congress renews it. During the last 50 years, the Land and Water Conservation Fund has pumped billions of dollars into federal and state programs to protect landscapes from reckless development and to help steward existing parks and wildlife areas. Now, however, ideological disagreements over the scope of the federal government have put in jeopardy this important land protection program.

The Land and Water Conservation Fund is an especially smart kind of public policy. The fund takes a portion of the royalties from offshore oil and gas drilling and uses those monies to pay for the acquisition of new nature preserves, as well as the maintenance of trails and facilities in national parks, national forests, and other public lands. The fund is sort of like environmental instant karma: It uses monies from activities that come with clear environmental risks to pay for activities that boast clear environmental benefits. And it doesn’t cost taxpayers a dime; fossil fuel companies pick up the tab.

Since its establishment in 1965, the Land and Water Conservation Fund has helped protect more than 5 million acres, including parts of Grand Canyon National Park and the Appalachian Trail. Monies from the fund are frequently used to match state government spending or non-governmental efforts to protect new lands. The only problem is that Congress often raids the fund to fund other projects. Only twice in the fund’s 50-year history have all of the up to $900 million in annual revenues gone to public lands programs.

Traditionally, the fund has enjoyed overwhelming support on Capitol Hill. It’s popular among birdwatchers as …more

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Unlocking the Methane Mystery

A tour of the Four Corners Hot Spot, where natural gas has a dark side

A silver van rolls slowly down a narrow road on the edge of the small town of Bayfield, Colorado, a farming-turned-bedroom community 20 miles east of Durango. With its darkly tinted windows and government plates, it has an ominous appearance, not helped by the strange-looking, long, fishing-pole-like appendage, accessorized with wires and tubes, that extends from its top. Impatient drivers pull around the creeping vehicle, peering suspiciously as they pass. Just behind the local high school, the van stops abruptly, then reverses, then pulls forward again onto the shoulder before stopping.

a shale well in New MexicoPhoto by Mike Eisenfeld/WildEarth Guardians The hydrocarbon-rich San Juan Basin that straddles the Colorado-New Mexico border is riddled with oil and gas related infrastructure. It is well-known that the natural gas industry is responsible for most of the methane emissions in the region. Unaccounted fugitive emissions from leaky wells, pipelines and the like are also suspect sources of the Four Corners Hot Spot. Pictured here, a shale well in Lybrook, New Mexico.

The passenger-side door swings open and Gabrielle Petron, an atmospheric scientist with the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, hops out, gesturing to the following journalists to pull over and do the same. Petron wears jeans and hiking boots, a black jacket and sunglasses, all given flair by the saffron-orange scarf wrapped loosely around her neck and shoulders. Speaking with a slight French accent, she explains the van’s erratic behavior: Its sensors indicate the presence of above-background levels of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

It’s not hard to find the source. Inside a chain-link-fenced enclosure next to the school’s tennis court, the pipes, valves and other equipment of a BP America natural gas well jut from the ground. Everything’s painted gold and purple, the school colors, with “Wolverine Pride” emblazoned on a metal box. Like many of the 40,000 or so oil and gas wells here in the San Juan Basin, this one extracts natural gas from the Fruitland Coal formation. The natural gas, which is largely methane, is gathered here, processed and piped to market. Or at least most of it is: Some of that methane is apparently leaking from the wellhead and drifting into the atmosphere, contributing in its own small way to the notorious Four Corners …more

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Obama’s Approval of Arctic Drilling ‘Undermines His Climate Message’

US president’s call for action on climate change is at odds with letting Shell drill for oil in the Arctic, says Bill McKibben

Barack Obama has fatally undermined the message of his visit to the Arctic to highlight the dangers of climate change because his administration allowed Shell to drill there, a leading US environmentalist has said.

Bill McKibben, winner of the Right Livelihood prize in 2014, sometimes referred to as an alternative Nobel, and founder of, said that Obama’s actions were a “bad contradiction”.

polar bear standing amid arctic icePhoto by Eric Regehr/USFWSA male polar bear stands alert on the Arctic coast near Kaktovik, Alaska. On Saturday, Obama acknowledged criticism of the Shell decision, saying he shared concerns about Arctic drilling.

“It is very difficult for Barrack Obama or anybody else to say, ‘look we take this completely seriously, this is the greatest problem the world’s ever faced but it’s OK to go ahead and start drilling a whole new oil field up in the Arctic.’ Those two things are at odds,” McKibben told a conference on fossil fuel divestment in Paris on Tuesday.

Obama’s visit is designed to draw attention to the impact of climate change and highlight the fact that they are already happening in the Arctic. In a speech on Monday he said that world governments still had the power to get a grip on the problem at the UN climate talks in Paris in December.

“This year in Paris has to be the year that the world finally reaches an agreement to protect the one planet that we’ve got while we still can,” Obama said. “This is within our power. This is a solvable problem – if we start now.”

In his weekly address on Saturday, Obama acknowledged criticism of the Shell decision, saying he shared concerns about Arctic drilling. He said that his administration had ensured that the operations would be carried out “under the highest safety standards possible”.

“We don’t rubber-stamp permits. We made it clear that Shell has to meet our high standards in how they conduct their operations – and it’s a testament to how rigorous we’ve applied those standards that Shell has delayed and limited its exploration off Alaska while trying to meet them,” he said.

But McKibben said that “no one can really listen to what …more

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After the Frack: Bright Lights in the Middle of Nowhere

Air, light, and noise pollution linger long after the drilling is over

The humming sound was deafening. Standing in the driveway of the Brothers’ home it was 50 decibels, but as we walked toward the edge of the road, the sound meter jumped to 85 decibels. The creator of this offensively loud humming noise was the compressor station located just across the road. It ran night and day, 24/7, and had invaded Frank and Theresa Brothers’ home just a year ago. Unfortunately, compressor stations are a necessary component of an oil and gas pipeline system. They help move gas and liquids from one part of the pipeline system to another.

a woman holding a noise level detectorPhoto by Lana StraubThe noise from compressors, which run 24/7 at fracking operations, can be deafeningly loud.

The Brothers’ land has been in their family for generations. When they built their new home prior to the oil boom in Carroll County, Ohio, they had no idea that their new neighbor would be so loud that the sound would knock the photos off of their walls in the middle of the night. The compressor station sits about 350 feet from their home and even though the noise is deafening, with only three years into their mortgage, they can’t afford to move.

“A lot of people have told us that we are fools to pay for our house cause it isn’t worth nothing now,” said Frank. “It’s worth as much as someone is willing to give you for it,” chimed in Theresa. “The oil company offered us 65 percent of the appraised value to move,” said Frank. He said that equals just about what he owes on his mortgage.

Noise pollution is only one of the many types of pollution that people living around oil and gas exploration areas have to deal with. And even after the fracking vehicles move on, remnants like compressor stations remain as constant reminders that the landscape around them has changed forever. Light and air pollution also often linger around along with the noise long after the oil and gas wells have been sucked dry.

Humans aren’t the only ones affected by this. Long before drilling rigs, fracking trucks, and compressor stations enter neighborhoods, the wildlife in the area already begins to feel the impact of preliminary exploration work. If the animals’ habitats haven’t …more

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