David Brower

July 1, 1912 - November 5, 2000

Polite conservationists leave no mark save the scars upon the Earth that could have been prevented had they stood their ground. —David Brower

David Brower was one of the elite rock climbers of his generation, with many first ascents in the Sierra Nevada and other mountain ranges of the West. Through climbing, he fell in love with wild nature. It was up there, among the peaks, that he gained his confidence, discovered himself, found his voice, and learned what things are important. He came down from the mountains to become a pioneer of the environmental movement.

It is easy to forget how new this movement is. In 1952, when Brower was hired as the first executive director of the Sierra Club, the organization had just one full-time employee, a secretary. During this period, the dawn of environmentalism, there was none of the specialization we see today, and Brower was forced to do a little of everything. He had no choice but to rise to the occasion. He became inexplicably good at a multitude of functions: grassroots organizer, lobbyist, lecturer, pamphleteer, photographer, filmmaker, magazine editor, book publisher, ad writer, executive. Brower built the Sierra Club from a California hiking fraternity of 3,000 to a little army of 70,000 – the most powerful conservation organization in the nation. He later went on to found Friends of the Earth, the League of Conservation Voters, and Earth Island Institute.

David Brower Speaks About The Power of Publishing, Protecting Pt. Reyes National Seashore, and the Importance of Wilderness

All video footage by Jon de Graaf from his documentary For Earth’s Sake – The Life and Times of David Brower.

Some Favorite Quotes:

Have a good time saving the world, or you’re just going to depress yourself. People want to be part of something fun. It’s exciting to change the world. —David Brower

A living planet is a rare thing, perhaps the rarest in the Universe, and a very tenuous experiment at best. We need all the company we can get on our unlikely journey. —Ken Brower from Galapagos: The Flow of Wildness

Anything you can do, or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power, and magic in it. —Goethe

We travel together, passengers on a little space ship, dependent upon its vulnerable reserves of air and soil, committed for our safety to its security and peace, preserved from annihilation only by the care, the work, and, I will say, the love we give our fragile craft. We cannot maintain it half fortunate, half miserable, half confident, half despairing, half slave to the ancient enemies of mankind, half free in a liberation of resources undreamed of until this day. No craft, no crew, can travel safely with such vast contradictions. On their resolution depends the survival of us all. —Adlai Stevenson, July 1965

David Brower Background:

A tireless defender of wild areas such as the Grand Canyon and the California redwood forests, David Brower helped define the modern environmental movement, distinguishing himself as one of the most inspiring leaders of the 20th century. A daring mountain climber, visionary leader, and passionate activist, David Brower — founder of Earth Island Institute — played a crucial role in creating the contemporary environmental movement.

In 1952, Brower became the first executive director of the Sierra Club. Brower helped breathe new life into the organization, which had lost much of its strength after the death of the group’s founder, John Muir. As head of the Sierra Club, Brower spearheaded campaigns to keep giant dams out of Dinosaur National Monument and the Grand Canyon. His advocacy led to the establishment of nine national parks and seashores, including Kings Canyon National Park, Redwoods National Park, and Point Reyes National Seashore. He played an instrumental role in passing the Wilderness Act of 1964.

One of Brower’s signature accomplishments was his innovative use of media technologies. Under his direction, the Sierra Club began publishing “exhibit format” books that combined exquisite outdoor photography photo of a family outdoorswith conservation messages, helping to raise environmental awareness. Brower was also one of the first activists to use full-page advertisements in prominent newspapers as a way of shifting public opinion and building grassroot support. These media campaigns, combined with Brower’s relentless organizing, gave shape to the nascent environmental movement. During Brower’s tenure as executive director of the Sierra Club, the organization’s membership went from 2,000 (mostly in California) to 77,000 across the US.

After leaving the Club’s staff in 1969, Brower went on to form the League of Conservation Voters, Friends of the Earth, and Earth Island Institute.

Brower’s life-long love of wilderness began with childhood family vacations to the Sierra Nevada, and as a young man, when he earned a reputation as a world-class mountaineer. He made 70 first ascents, and participated in a historic attempt on Mount Waddington in Canada, and the first ascent of New Mexico’s Shiprock. During World War II, Brower served in the legendary 10th Mountain Division in which he led daring assaults involving hazardous rock climbing to overcome enemy positions.

Brower’s passion for the Earth and its inhabitants earned him international respect. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times (in 1978, 1979, and 1998, jointly with professor Paul Ehrlich). In 1998, Brower received the Blue Planet Prize for his lifetime achievements. Author John McPhee made Brower the subject of his best-selling book, Encounters with the Archdruid.

David Brower passed away in 2000 at age 88. At his memorial service, many people recalled one of Brower’s favorite quotes about himself, a comment by Russell Train, EPA Administratorunder President Nixon: “Thank God for Dave Brower; he makes it so easy for the rest of us to be reasonable.”

Today, Earth Island Institute continues Brower’s legacy through our our commitment to the environmental action, and our annual Brower Youth Awards, which highlight the accomplishments of bold, young environmental leaders. In early 2009 we moved in to the David Brower Center, an ecologically sustainable building in Brower’s hometown of Berkeley, California that serves as a home to leading environmental groups.

1912

David Ross Brower is born in Berkeley, California to Ross Brower and Mary Grace Barlow

1918

Visits Yosemite for the first time.

1921

David’s mom, Mary Grace, loses her sight and David begins guiding her in nature in the Berkeley Hills of California

1926

At the age of 15, David discovers a new species of orangetip butterfly that is named for him: Anthocaris sara reakirtii broweri.

1930

Becomes a world class climber with more than 70 first ascents. It's later said that you could put him anywhere in the Sierra at night, and he would know where he is by morning.

1940

Becomes editor at the University of California Press and is voted to Board of Directors of Sierra Club

1942-1945

Serves in the U.S. Army in WW II, 10th Mountain Division

1943

Marries Anne Hus, also an editor at the UC Press

1944

Son Ken Brower born; first of four children, including Robert Brower, Barbara Brower, and John Brower

1947

Began managing the Sierra Club High Trips wilderness excursion program

1952

Becomes first Executive Director of the Sierra Club; serving until 1969

1956

Leads effort to defeat the proposal to put dams in Dinosaur National Monument

1959

Publishes "This is the American Earth" by Ansel Adams and Nancy Newhall

1962

Joins President Kennedy for signing of the Pt. Reyes National Seashore into law

1964

Plays key role in passage and signing of the Wilderness Act, protecting millions of acres of public lands

1967

Stops construction of Grand Canyon dams; Sierra Club loses tax-deductible status due to aggressive lobbying

1969

Fired from Sierra club; founds Friends of the Earth and League of Conservation Voters

1971

John McPhee publishes classic book about David, "Encounters with the Archdruid"

1972

United Nations approves a system of World Heritage sites proposed by David and others

1978

David is nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize; he would be nominated a total of three times

1982

Founds Earth Island Institute in California

1990

Leads the first Earth Island delegation to Russia's Lake Baikal, the world's oldest and deepest lake

1991

Publishes his autobiography, "Work in Progress"

1995

Publishes "Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run", co-authored with Steve Chapple

1998

Awarded the Blue Planet Prize from the Asahi Glass Foundation of Japan

1999

Founds the Alliance for Sustainable Jobs and the Environment

1999

The first annual Brower Youth Awards is held in his honor

2000

David Brower dies at his home in Berkeley, California at the age of 88

2000

In his career he published more than 70 books, including more than 20 exhibit-format series with stunning nature photography to get people involved in saving key places

2009

The David Brower Center, a LEED Platinum office building in his honor, opens to serve as a home for the environmental movement and the location of Earth Island's headquarters

2015

"David Brower; The Making of the Environmental Movement" by Tom Turner is published.